Bio metrics to Identify Residents Across Asia

Bio metrics to Identify Residents Across Asia

Every country around the globe has its own way to identify their national through National Identity Cards. In Asia, China NIC & Indian Aadhaar Card are used by majority after that It’s Pakistan national Identity Card – NIC. In this article we will cover cards used by different Asian nations.

Afghanistan

Afghan voters over the age of eighteen years needed to hold a national ID document known as Tazkira.

Bahrain

Bahraini voters should have each AN ID card, known as a “smart card”, that’s recognized as a politician document and may be used among the Gulf Cooperation Council and a passport, that’s recognized worldwide.

Bangladesh

Biometric identification has existed in People’s Republic of Bangladesh since 2008. All Bangladeshis World Health Organization ar eighteen years old-time and older ar enclosed in a very central Biometric info, that is employed by the {bangladesh|Bangladesh|People’s Republic of People’s Republic of Bangladesh|Bangla Desh|East Pakistan|Asian country|Asian nation} committee to superintend the electoral procedure in Bangladesh. All Bangladeshis ar issued with AN NID Card which might be wont to acquire a passport, licence, mastercard, and to register land possession.

China

The People’s Republic of China needs every of its voters aged sixteen ANd over to hold an card. the cardboard is that the solely acceptable legal instrument to get employment, a residence allow, licence or passport and to open bank accounts or apply for entry to tertiary education and technical faculties.
Hong Kong
The metropolis card (or HKID) is a politician identity document issued by the Immigration Department of metropolis to any or all those that hold the proper of abode, right to land or alternative sorts of restricted keep longer than a hundred and eighty days in metropolis. in line with Basic Law of metropolis, all permanent residents ar eligible to get the metropolis Permanent card that states that the holder has the proper of abode in metropolis. All persons aged 16 and above must carry a valid legal government identification document in public. All persons aged 16 and above must be able to produce valid legal government identification documents when requested by legal authorities, otherwise, they may be held in detention to investigate his or her identity and legal right to be in Hong Kong.

India

While there is no mandatory identity card in India, the Aadhaar card, a multi-purpose national identity card, carrying 16 personal details and a unique identification number is available to all citizens since 2007. The card contains a photograph, full name, date of birth and a unique, randomly generated 12-digit National Identification Number. However, the card itself is rarely required as proof; the number or a copy of the card being sufficient. The card has a SCOSTA QR code embedded on the card, through which all the details on the card are accessible.[26] In addition to Aadhaar, PAN cards, Ration cards, Voter Cards and driving licences are also used. These may be issued by either the Government of India or the Government of any state, and are valid throughout the nation.The Indian Passport may also be used.

Indonesia

Residents over 17 are required to hold a KTP (Kartu Tanda Penduduk) identity card. The card will identifies whether the holder is an Indonesian citizen or foreign national. In 2011, the Indonesian government started a two-year ID issuance campaign that utilizes smartcard technology and biometric duplication of fingerprint and iris recognition. This card, called the Electronic KTP (e-KTP), will replace the conventional ID (KTP) beginning in 2013. By 2013, it is estimated that approximately 172 million Indonesian nationals will have an e-KTP issued to them.

Iran
Every citizen of Iran has an identification document called Shenasnameh in Persian (شناسنامه). This is a booklet based on the citizen’s birth certificate which features their Shenasnameh National ID number; their birth date; their birthplace; the names, birth dates and National ID numbers of their legal ascendant(s). In other pages of the Shenasnameh, their marriage status, spouse(s) name(s), names of children, date of every vote cast and eventually their death would be recorded.[27]
Every Iranian permanent resident above the age of 15 must hold a valid National Identity Card (Persian:کارت ملی) or at least obtain their unique National Number from any of the local Vital Records branches of the Iranian Ministry of Interior.[28]
In order to apply for an NID card, the applicant must be at least 15 years old and have a photograph attached to their Birth Certificate, which is undertaken by the Vital Records branch.
Since June 21, 2008, NID cards have been compulsory for many things in Iran and Iranian Missions abroad (e.g., obtaining a passport, driver’s license, any banking procedure, etc.)
Iraq
Every Iraqi citizen must have a National Card (البطاقة الوطنية).
Palestinian Authority
The Palestinian Authority Issues Identification card following agreements with Israel since 1995 in accordance to the Oslo Accords, the data is forwarded to Israeli database and confirmed. In February 2014, a presidential decision issued by Palestinian president Mahmoud Abbas to abolish the religion field was announced.[30] Israel has objected to abolishing religion on Palestinian IDs because it controls their official records, IDs and passports and the PA does not have the right to make amendments to this effect without the prior approval of Israel, Palestinian Authority in Ramallah said that abolishing religion on the ID has been at the center of negotiations with Israel since 1995. The decision was criticized by Hamas officials in Gaza Strip, saying it is unconstitutional and will not be implemented in Gaza because it undermines the Palestinian cause.
Japan
Japanese citizens are not required to have identification documents with them within the territory of Japan. When necessary, official documents, such as one’s Japanese driver’s license, basic resident registration card,[32] radio operator license,[33] social insurance card, health insurance card or passport are generally used and accepted. On the other hand, mid- to long term foreign residents are required to carry their Zairyū cards,[34] while short term visitors and tourists (those with a Temporary Visitor status sticker in their passport) are required to carry their passports.
Macau
The Macau Resident Identity Card is an official identity document issued by the Identification Department to permanent residents and non-permanent residents.
Malaysia
In Malaysia, the MyKad is the compulsory identity document for Malaysian citizens aged 12 and above. Introduced by the National Registration Department of Malaysia on 5 September 2001 as one of four MSC Malaysia flagship applications[35] and a replacement for the High Quality Identity Card (Kad Pengenalan Bermutu Tinggi), Malaysia became the first country in the world to use an identification card that incorporates both photo identification and fingerprint biometric data on an in-built computer chip embedded in a piece of plastic.
Myanmar
Myanmar citizens are required to obtain a National Registration Card (NRC), while non-citizens are given a Foreign Registration Card (FRC).
Pakistan
In Pakistan, all adult citizens must register for the Computerized National Identity Card (CNIC), with a unique number, at age 18. CNIC serves as an identification document to authenticate an individual’s identity as a citizen of Pakistan.
Earlier on, National Identity Cards (NICs) were issued to citizens of Pakistan. Now government has shifted all its existing records of National Identity Cards (NIC) to the central computerized database managed by NADRA. New CNIC’s are machine readable and have security features such as facial and finger print information. At the end of 2013, Smart national identity cards, SNICs, were also made available.
Philippines
A new Philippines identity card known as the Philippine Identification System (PhilSys) ID card will start to be issued in August 2018 to Filipino citizens and foreign residents aged 18 and above. This national ID card is non-compulsory but should harmonize existing government-initiated identification cards that have been issued – including the Unified Multi-Purpose ID issued to members of the Social Security System, Government Service Insurance System, Philippine Health Insurance Corporation and the Home Development Mutual Fund (Pag-IBIG Fund).
Singapore
In Singapore, every citizen, and permanent resident (PR) must register at the age of 15 for an Identity Card (IC). The card is necessary not only for procedures of state but also in the day-to-day transactions of registering for a mobile phone line, obtaining certain discounts at stores, and logging on to certain websites on the internet. Schools frequently use it to identify students, both on-line and in exams.
South Korea
Every citizen of South Korea over the age 17 is issued an ID card called Jumindeungrokjeung (주민등록증) and required to carry it always. A small fine can be charged if one does not carry it. It has had several changes in its history, the most recent form is a plastic card meeting the ISO 7810 standard. The card has the holder’s photo and a 15 digit ID number calculated from the holder’s birthday and birthplace. A hologram technology is applied for the purpose of hampering forgery. This card has no additional features used to identify the holder except comparing the photo and a holder’s face. Other than this card, the South Korean Government accepts a driver’s license card, a passport and a public officer ID card as an official ID card.
Sri Lanka
The E-National Identity Card (abbreviation: E-NIC) is the identity document in use in Sri Lanka. It is compulsory for all Sri Lankan citizens who are sixteen years of age and older to have a NIC. NICs are issued from the Department for Registration of Persons. The Registration of Persons Act No.32 of 1968 as amended by Act Nos 28 and 37 of 1971 and Act No.11 of 1981 legislates the issuance and usage of NICs.
Sri Lanka is in the process of developing a Smart Card based RFID NIC card which will replace the obsolete ‘laminated type’ cards by storing the holders information on a chip that can be read by banks, offices, etc., thereby reducing the need to have documentation of these data physically by storing in the cloud.
The NIC number is used for unique personal identification, similar to the social security number in the US.
In Sri Lanka, all citizens over the age of 16 need to apply for a National Identity Card (NIC). Each NIC has a unique 10 digit number, in the format 000000000A (where 0 is a digit and A is a letter). The first two digits of the number are your year of birth (e.g.: 93xxxxxxxx for someone born in 1993). The final letter is generally a ‘V’ or ‘X’. An NIC number is required to apply for a passport (over 16), driving license (over 18) and to vote (over 18). In addition, all citizens are required to carry their NIC on them at all times as proof of identity, given the security situation in the country. NICs are not issued to non-citizens, who are still required to carry a form of photo identification (such as a photocopy of their passport or foreign driving license) at all times. At times the Postal ID card may also be used.
Taiwan
The “National Identification Card” (Chinese: 國民身分證) is issued to all nationals of the Republic of China (Official name of Taiwan) aged 14 and older who have household registration in the Taiwan area. The Identification Card is used for virtually all activities that require identity verification within Taiwan such as opening bank accounts, renting apartments, employment applications and voting.
The Identification Card contains the holder’s photo, ID number, Chinese name, and (Minguo calendar) date of birth. The back of the card also contains the person’s registered address where official correspondence is sent, place of birth, and the name of legal ascendant(s) and spouse (if any).
If residents move, they must re-register at a municipal office (Chinese: 戶政事務所).
ROC nationals with household registration in Taiwan are known as “registered nationals”. ROC nationals who do not have household registration in Taiwan (known as “unregistered nationals”) do not qualify for the Identification Card and its associated privileges (e.g., the right to vote and the right of abode in Taiwan), but qualify for the Republic of China passport, which unlike the Identification Card, is not indicative of residency rights in Taiwan. If such “unregistered nationals” are resident in Taiwan, they will hold a Taiwan Area Resident Certificate as an identity document, which is nearly identical to the Alien Resident Certificate issued to foreign nationals/citizens resident in Taiwan.
Thailand
In Thailand, the Thai National ID Card (Thai: บัตรประจำตัวประชาชน; RTGS: bat pracham tua pracha chon) is an official identity document issued only to Thai Nationals. The card proves the holder’s identity for receiving government services and other entitlements.
United Arab Emirates (UAE)
Emirates Identity Authority (EIDA) is a federal authority that is responsible for issuing the National Identity Cards for the citizens (UAE nationals), GCC (Gulf Corporation Council) nationals and residents in the country. All individuals are mandated to apply for the ID card at all ages. For individuals of 15 years and above, fingerprint biometrics (10 fingerprints, palm, and writer) are captured in the registration process. Each person has a unique 15-digit identification number (IDN) that a person holds throughout his/her life.
The Identity Card is a smart card that has a state-of-art technology in the smart cards field with very high security features which make it difficult to duplicate. It is a 144KB Combi Smart Card, where the electronic chip includes personal information, 2 fingerprints, 4-digit pin code, digital signature, and certificates (digital and encryption). Personal photo, IDN, name, date of birth, signature, nationality, and the ID card expiry date are fields visible on the physical card.
In the UAE it is used as an official identification document for all individuals to benefit from services in the government, some of the non-government, and private entities in the UAE. This supports the UAE’s vision of smart government as the ID card is used to securely access e-services in the country. The ID card could also be used by citizens as an official travel document between GCC countries instead of using passports. The implementation of the national ID program in the UAE enhanced security of the individuals by protecting their identities and preventing identity theft.
Vietnam
In Vietnam, all citizens above 14 years old must possess a People’s Identity Card provided by the local authority.

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